A short account of Gamla, given by your Israel & Jerusalem private tour guide
“…for it was situated upon a rough ridge of a high mountain, with a kind of neck in the middle: where it begins to ascend, it lengthens itself, and declines as much downward before as behind, insomuch that it is like a camel in figure, ….. On its acclivity, which is straight, houses are built, and those very thick and close to one another. The city also hangs so strangely, that it looks as if it would fall down upon itself, so sharp is it at the top….. its southern mount, which reaches to an immense height, was in the nature of a citadel to the city; and above that was a precipice, not walled about, but extending itself to an immense depth”. (josephus Flavius, Jewish Wars, IV chapter 1)
In the southern part of the Golan Heights, in a hidden place, you can find the ruins of the ancient Jewish city of Gamla. When you see it, you can tell that it is no wonder that it was called by that name (camel in Aramaic), as the hill upon which slope of the city sits, looks indeed, like a camel’s hump.
A bit of history
The Golan was a rocky area, and as a result, few people lived there during much of the time. The situation changed at the end of the 2nd century BCE, when the Golan was taken by the Hasmonean (Maccabee) King, Alaxander Janeus (Yanai). He brought Jewish settlers to the Hellenstic settlement that used to be there, and later it became a Jewish town.