A short account of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, given by your Israel & Jerusalem private tour guide
Not a big building, certainly old and not the most attractive of churches, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is still one of the holiest places for the majority of Christians. It stands in the middle of the Christian Quarter in Jerusalem's Old City and attracts thousands of visitors every day. The church tells the story of Jesus’ crucifixion, burial and resurrection. In addition, it tells the story of the building and the groups who share it.
At Jesus’ time
From excavations, we know that in this area (being outside of the city walls 2,000 years ago), there was a large quarry before the time of Jesus, probably for the purpose of the construction of the Temple Mount. We can assume that a large rock (later named Golgotha) was left for executions, and the sides of the quarry were sold to people to dig family burial caves into the rock. Jesus died on the rock Golgotha, his body was then cleansed and laid in one of these caves, known as Joseph of Arimathea's cave.