A short account of Neve Tzedek, given by your Israel & Jerusalem private tour guide
“And just now the matter of the first 10 houses was finished. Every home will contain two rooms and in front of them there will be two patios. Every house will have a kitchen and a water closet and in front of every house – a piece of land to plant a garden. The place of the houses is away from the city, a distance of one-third of an hour. It is between gardens and orchards, so its air is clear and healthy.” (D. Baumgarten, Hamagid newspaper, 1887)
What is it all about?
Neve Tzedek was the Jewish community that was established at the end of the 19th century, outside of the Arab city of Yaffo (Jaffa). Many Jews immigrated to the country in the 1880’s, and many of them stayed in Jaffa, which was a densely populated city, unpleasant and very dirty. In spite of the very poor conditions, this mass immigration caused the rental prices to rise dramatically. In order to improve this situation, the company, Ezrat Israel, which had already built a hospital for the poor, was looking for a good piece of land on which to build private homes.