A short account of Haifa, given by your Israel & Jerusalem private tour guide
The city of Haifa sits atop Mt. Carmel and its slopes, and has a population of close to 300,000. The metropolitan area has approximately one million people. It is a quiet city, whose economy is based on the second largest port of the country, as well as the on the heavy industries next to it. Even though it is located in a lovely geographical area, there are relatively few attractions in the city.
Haifa’s most important historical periods for us are:
- The first centuries CE, when it was settled mainly by Jewish people, but included other groups, as well.
- The Crusader period (12th-13th centuries), in which the Carmelite Order was formed and settled on the mountain, which was outside of the town of that time. The Carmelites lived primarily in their monastery, Stella Maris.
- In the 20th century, especially under the British rule, Haifa developed into a big city. The port and refineries were built, and this enhanced the development of heavy industries. In 1948, most of the 70,000 Arab inhabitants left to go to Lebanon. Nowadays, Arabs make up 10% of the population.
Sites to visit
- Haifa’s panorama, with an amazing view of the Bahai’s World Center – gardens and shrine (actually, mausoleum).